Ensuring Thoughtful Public Safety and Emergency Response
The FY23 Budget enables the City to develop a data-driven and community-oriented approach to providing public safety. Funding to research staffing levels is included, along with investments to promote diversity within all branches of response.
Office of Police Accountability and Transparency
The FY23 Operating Budget includes $1.5 million the Office of Police Accountability and Transparency (OPAT). Led by three Commissioners, OPAT:
- reviews and resolves complaints made against the Boston Police Police Department's (BPD) Internal Investigation team
- reviews and revolves civilian complaints
- advises the Mayor and the BPD on policing policy
- investigates current and historic disparate treatment of Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (“BIPOC”) officers in the BPD, and
- publishes reports on the BPD’s progress on its various reform goals.
In FY23, the department will add funding for a review of Boston Police Department (BPD) Black, Indigenous, and people of color (BIPOC) data, paid interns, and a professional mediator to resolve issues that do not require formal investigation.
In addition to an Executive Director and central staff, OPAT includes the following programs:
- The Civilian Review Board (CRB) is responsible for the resolution of civilian complaints. With investigatory assistance from the OPAT staff, the CRB will deliberate and make a finding for each complaint. CRB determinations should be final and determination outcomes should be published in OPAT’s semi-annual report.
- The Internal Affairs Oversight Panel (IAOP), which was formerly known as the CO-OP, will review completed internal affairs investigations at its discretion and without limitation to the number of investigations it may review.
- The IAOP will have five members serving three-year terms. Following investigation and review of an internal affairs investigation, the IAOP will deliberate and make one of the following findings:
- agree with the IAD decision
- disagree with the IAD decision, or
- refer back to Internal Affairs for further investigation or action.
Thoughtful Public Safety Response
The FY23 Budget lays the foundation for generational change in how Boston responds to public safety needs and mental health response. The Boston Police Department will continue a highly successful partnership with BEST clinicians to pair clinicians with officers to co-respond. The Boston Public Health Commission will pilot a community response program for public health needs that would be better served by a non-uniformed response.
The Boston Fire Department will expand on a successful "Delta Car" program. This program has firefighters provide direct follow-up to residents with whom they have previously interacted during medical calls.
Boston's Emergency Medical Services (EMS) will round out the trifecta of public health responses with an addition of four EMTs dedicated to co-response. This deeper level of support will free up transport vehicles and provide direct care and referrals when that best suits the need. The next EMT class begins in the fall of 2022 and will add an additional 20 EMTs to grow the size of the EMT force to ensure response times remain on target.
In addition, EMS will continue their successful mentorship partnership with City Academy. This program provides additional mentorship and support to EMT recruits that meet an income threshold, ensuring their success.
Data-Driven Public Safety Budgets
The FY23 Operating Budget includes funding for a staffing analysis, to ensure Police and Fire have the right amount of staff in the right places. The City will also promote diversity by increasing Police Cadet recruits by 50%, from 60 to 90. The Cadet Program continues to successfully provide public safety opportunities to a diverse pipeline of local young people.
Other FY23 investments in Boston's police force include:
- New promotional exams to refresh the lists and expand opportunities for advancement to a new generation of officers. A detectives exam will be held in FY23, while the groundwork will be laid for a Civil Service exam in FY24.
- In conjunction with the Law Department, the City will add staff to the police public records unit to ensure transparency in operations.
The Fire Department continues to be a leader in safety and education. The City's apparatus replacement plan will replace five trucks in FY23 and will have replaced a total of 92% of the fleet over nine years. The department will also receive funding to start the first Fire Cadet class, promoting departmental diversity. Focusing on firefighter health and wellness, the FY23 Adopted Budget continues to fund critical building repair projects and the industrial cleaning program.