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42% increase in development Linkage fees proposed to support affordable housing, workforce training

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Neighborhood Development

Boston's Linkage program was created in 1986 to leverage funding for affordable housing and workforce training through payments by large-scale commercial real estate development.

Mayor Martin J. Walsh today announced a 42 percent increase in the Linkage fees collected by large scale commercial developments over 100,000 square feet in Boston to support the creation of affordable housing and workforce development programs. The increased rate of $15.39 per square foot, of which $13.00 will be dedicated to affordable housing and $2.39 will be dedicated to workforce training, will be brought to the Boston Planning & Development Agency (BPDA) Board for approval on Thursday, February 11. 

"It is critical that we are leveraging Boston's development market to maximize funding for affordable housing and workforce training, while balancing the economic reality of COVID-19," said Mayor Walsh. "By increasing Linkage requirements we will substantially increase revenue streams to fund the affordable housing and workforce training programs that will help our residents recover and thrive in a post-COVID economy."  

Boston's Linkage program was created in 1986 to leverage funding for affordable housing and workforce training through payments by large-scale commercial real estate development.

The proposed increase follows the passage of legislation last month, originally introduced by Mayor Walsh as a Home Rule Petition, to give Boston more flexibility in adjusting Linkage fees. Previously, the BPDA was only allowed to adjust Linkage every three years based on inflation. The new law allows Boston to adjust the required payment and program guidelines, allowing Linkage to be more closely aligned with the market and fund affordable housing and workforce development programs.

The new rate was determined based on several years of feasibility assessments, conversations with developers and advocates, and the current economic climate. The $15.39 per square foot marks a 42 percent increase from the current Linkage rate of $10.81 per square foot, of which $9.03 is dedicated to affordable housing and $1.78 is dedicated to workforce development. 

"The COVID-19 pandemic has deepened long-standing housing and income inequities and the Mayor's action will give us additional resources to ensure that the City's recovery from this crisis is more equitable and inclusive," said Emilio Dorcely, CEO of Urban Edge, a community development corporation serving Roxbury and Jamaica Plain. "We thank Mayor Walsh for taking decisive action to increase the linkage fee to provide more funding for affordable housing and job training, now that the Legislature has authorized the City of Boston to shape its own development policy." 

"The Job Training Alliance is thrilled that the Mayor is taking immediate action to increase job linkage fees after the passage of the Home Rule Petition," said Amy Nishman, Senior Vice President of Strategy for JVS Boston. "With so many Bostonians out of work, the City needs major investment in job training so communities that have been devastated by the pandemic can access career-ladder jobs in industries that are hiring."

The funds collected through Linkage are administered by the Neighborhood Housing Trust through the Department of Neighborhood Development (DND) and the Neighborhood Jobs Trust through the Mayor's Office of Workforce Development. Since 2014, the Linkage program has generated over $80 million to support affordable housing and job training from new development. Linkage provides industry-recognized job training to over 2,000 Boston residents annually. Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Neighborhood Jobs Trust has dedicated $2.4 million to emergency supports for workforce and education programs, as well as specialized job training for workers preparing to enter the IT/tech and healthcare industries Since its inception in 1986, Linkage has generated more than $200 million for affordable housing and workforce training.

In 2020 alone, new development approved by BPDA is expected to generate over $43.2 million in Linkage fees to support affordable housing, and over $8.5 million in Linkage fees to support job training programs. This proposed increase will allow the BPDA and City of Boston to further leverage development to increase these funding streams.

Following a recommendation for approval by the BPDA Board, the increase must be approved by the Boston Zoning Commission and signed by the Mayor prior to becoming effective. The BPDA and DND are committed to future reviews of Linkage fees following Boston's economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. 

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