According to the United Nations, a refugee is someone who has been forced to flee their country because of persecution, war, or violence. Refugees are persecuted for their:
- political opinion, or
- membership in a particular social group.
In most cases, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. Many refugees are fleeing war or ethnic, tribal, and religious violence.
Most of the world’s refugees return to their community when it is safe to do so. Some countries offer short-term settlements for refugees whose homes remain unstable or dangerous. Resettlement in countries such as the U.S. is the last option. It’s also only available to a fraction of displaced people. Resettlement becomes a priority when a person's legal or physical security is at risk.
All applicants for refugee admission to the U.S. must meet the following criteria:
- the definition of "refugee," as determined by the federal government
- determined by the President to be part of a category of special humanitarian concern to the U.S.
- otherwise admissible under U.S. law, and
- not “firmly resettled” in another country.
The State Department decides further application criteria and refugee admission levels. They then present eligible cases to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). USCIS interview eligible refugees to see if they qualify.
After refugees complete security and medical screenings, the USCIS officer may approve resettlement. They then arrange travel for the refugees' placement with a US voluntary agency. In Boston, there are three resettlement agencies:
Boston refugee information
In 2016, Boston welcomed refugees from 47 countries. Last year, many refugees came from Iraq, Haiti, Somalia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.Benefits for refugees receive
Unlike some other immigrants, refugees are often fleeing persecution. This means they cannot bring personal possessions, or prepare for life in a new culture. Local and federal agencies work together to provide help to newly arrived refugees, including:
- medical care, and
Many refugees settle in Dorchester and Roxbury. They can work right when they arrive in U.S., and they can work in all industries. Refugees often find jobs through social networks.
Everyone can help refugees by welcoming them as valuable members of Boston’s community. You can help by volunteering, tutoring, donating, educating, and employing refugees. Find more detailed ways to get involved in our “Donate” (link) and “Volunteer” (link) sections.Please keep in mind
The Massachusetts Office for Refugees and Immigrants (ORI) is the central coordinating body for the state’s refugees. They work with the federal government to distribute funding.
Services for RefugeesServices
Everyone should have access to a home, regardless of their income or background.
We created a guide to help you find more information on affordable rentals and homes in the City.
Boston strives to have a robust, resilient food system. We want to make sure all Bostonians have adequate access to fresh, healthy food. You can find more information on our Food Access page.
The Greater Boston Food Bank partners with 530 hunger-relief agencies. This includes food pantries, community meal programs, and supplemental grocery schemes. The food bank created a tool to help you find an agency near you.
305 South Street, Jamaica Plain, MA 02130
617-983-6596 Languages Spoken:
- Spanish, and
- helping you with an initial health assessment, and
- linking you with a primary provider.
771 Albany Street Boston, MA 02118
617-414-4794 Services include:
- providing holistic health care for survivors of torture and refugee communities.
50 Meridian St, Ste. B-1 E Boston, MA 02128
Languages spoken: English and SpanishServices include:
- immigration help
- adult education and English classes, and
- help with voting.
Eritrean Community Center
50 Shawmut Ave, Roxbury, MA 02118
Languages Spoken: Amharic, English, and Tigrinya.Services include:
- women’s empowerment classes and cultural events.
Haitian American Public Health Initiatives
1601 Blue Hill Ave, Mattapan, MA 02126
Languages spoken: Haitian Creole, English, and French.Services include:
- English classes
- health education
- a food pantry
- skills training for youths, and
- summer youth programs.
Irish International Immigrant Center
100 Franklin St. LL-1, Boston, MA 02110
Languages spoken: Albanian, Haitian Creole, English, French, and Spanish.Services include:
- educational programs
- immigration services
- exchange programs, and
- wellness services.
105 Chauncy St, 9th Floor, Boston, MA 02111
Languages spoken: English and SpanishServices:
They place AmeriCorps members at refugee-service organizations. These members:
- provide legal representation, and
- help with English classes and citizenship.
Somali Development Center
205 Green St, Boston, MA 02130
Languages spoken: Amharic, Arabic, Haitian Creole, English, Somali, and Tigrinya.Services include:
- teaching about self-sufficiency
- women’s empowerment, and
- English programs.
75 Federal St, 3rd Floor, Boston, MA 02110
Languages spoken: Amharic, Bosnian, Cape Verdean Creole, Haitian Creole, Croatian, Chinese, English, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Lithuanian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Vietnamese.Services include:
- free and low-cost workshops
- career training
- college preparation, and
- English classes.
275 West Broadway, South Boston, MA 02127
617-464-8100 Languages spoken:
- Haitian Creole
- Spanish, and
1 Milk St., Boston, MA 02109
617-695-9990 Languages spoken:
- Spanish, and
Many schools, community colleges, and training centers offer a variety of vocational classes. But, JVS Boston and the International Institute provide orientations, trainings, and classes for refugees. They’ll help you build skills to start a successful life in Boston and America.
Local, national, and international nonprofits provide for refugees' day-to-day and long-term needs. Donating money to a reputable nonprofit is often the best way to help refugees.
If you'd like to donate in-kind, people often need:
- jackets and clothing
- certain types of furniture
- cleaning supplies
- school and business supplies, and
- Charlie Cards with $10 or $20 on them can take a refugee a long way.
Different groups accept different donations, so make sure to check first! You can arrange a donations drive for some of the most-needed items, such as winter coats and blankets.
- Boston Center for Refugee Health and Human Rights provides healthcare.
- Catholic Charities, International Institute of New England, and Refugee and Immigrant Assistance Center offer transitional help to newly arrived refugees.
- JVS Boston provides career counseling and workforce development.
- The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees leads and coordinates international action.
- The International Rescue Committee provides both direct services and long-term skills training.
- Oxfam America helps refugees with clean water, sanitation, and other vital supplies.
- Save the Children provides emergency aid, health care, and educational support.
- Charity Navigator ranks charities based on transparency, accountability, efficiency, and financial health.
- Boston’s resettlement agencies
- local nonprofits
- your closest community center
- ESOL classes, and
- your nearest food bank.
- becoming an English tutor or teaching English classes
- mentoring a family
- doing much-needed administrative work in an office, and
- helping at a food pantry.
It’s crucial to educate yourself and others. Misconceptions about refugees and other migrants can create toxic workplaces and neighborhoods. A little kindness and compassion goes a long way to make newcomers feel welcome.
To get started, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has a collection of refugee stories. The Boston Public Library also has thousands of resources by and about refugees for children, teenagers, and adults.